Archive For 2019年3月27日
Award-winning novelist Liam Davison and his wife, beloved high school teacher Frankie Davison, are one of four Victorian couples killed in the Malaysia Airlines flight disaster.
The number of Victorians onboard flight MH17 was revised up to 10 by the state government on Friday night.
Among those killed in the crash were small business owners Gerry and Mary Menke, Sunbury real estate agent Albert Rizk and his wife Maree, and Melbourne-based couple Elaine Teoh and Emiel Mahler.
Liam Davison, 56, was an award-winning novelist but also a brilliant teacher who was “universally liked”, according to fellow writer Ben Pobjie.
“He was a really great writer in his own right and it was a privilege to be in his classes,” Mr Pobjie, who was taught by Mr Davison, told Fairfax Media.
Mr Davison’s wife, teacher Francesca “Frankie” Davison, 54, had worked at Toorak College on the Mornington Peninsula for 28 years.
“We are devastated by the news of this tragedy,” college principal Helen Carmody said.
“Frankie was a dear friend – warm, generous and kind. She gave so much to Toorak College both personally and professionally.”
The Davisons left behind a son and daughter, Ms Carmody said.
Malaysian Elaine Teoh and Dutch national Emiel Mahler, both 27, lived in Melbourne and were thought to be travelling to a wedding.
Ms Teoh’s employer, IG Australia, issued a statement saying she and Mr Mahler – who used to work at the company – were “beloved members of our close IG community and were valued members of our team”.
Mr Mahler left IG Australia to join Vanguard Australia, which said staff were “extremely sad”.
Gerry and Mary Menke, who ran an abalone pearl company in Mallacoota, made a huge contribution to the local community, Jeanette Seignior from Business and Tourism East Gippsland said.
“They are a beautiful couple, a lovely family,” Ms Seignior told AAP.
The Rizks, who had two children, had lived in Sunbury for more than 20 years, where Mr Rizk was a director of the local Raine & Horne real estate branch.
Hume city councillor Jack Ogilvie said the couple were actively involved in the Sunbury Football Club.
“Albert and Maree both loved the club … Maree worked in the canteen on game day,” Mr Ogilvie said.
“Albert has been on our committee for three years. His son James is one of our A-grade footballers.”
Victorian Premier Denis Napthine has pledged his government’s support for loved ones.
He said the dead also included a “substantial” number of delegates and experts travelling to Melbourne for the 20th International AIDS Conference, to begin this weekend.
Flags on government buildings across Victoria will fly at half-mast from Friday until the conference ends.
The Department of Human Services has arranged for counsellors to tend to friends and loved ones of the victims including those at Melbourne Airport, the Malaysia Airlines Melbourne office and the AIDS conference.
Australian Luke Durbridge may be a timetrial specialist but he believes he can still enjoy Tour de France success away from the race against the clock.
The 23-year-old won back-to-back national timetrial titles in 2012 and 2013, the year he did the double by also winning the national road race.
Although racing his first Tour de France, Durbridge has acquitted himself well with his Australian Orica GreenEDGE team.
He may be more than two hours behind race leader Vincenzo Nibali and outside the top 100 but he’s enjoying the ride.
“This is definitely a much bigger circus than I’ve ever been a part of,” he told AFP.
“It’s my first Tour de France and I’m enjoying the experience. It’s much more stressful and faster than any other race I’ve done.
“I’ve still got a while to go but I hope to continue the way I’m going and get to Paris.”
Durbridge admitted he will be targeting the 54km individual timetrial on the penultimate stage but he said he would not limit himself to that one goal.
“I’m here to take every opportunity, I’m not just here to be a passenger in the peloton all the way to Paris,” he said.
“Obviously (I’m targeting) the timetrial the second last day but that’s quite far away.
“I’m also targeting a couple of opportunities I want to take to do a good result for myself.”
Durbridge rolled in almost 40 minutes behind winner Nibali on the first Alpine mountain stage on Friday but said he wasn’t daunted by the Tour’s summit finishes.
“I did the Giro d’Italia the last two years and some of those stages are probably even harder than here, but it’s just the pace they ride (at the Tour).
“I’m not afraid of the mountains but it might be just one of those cases of getting through and see how you might come out the other side.”
So far the Tour has been a disappointing one for Orica who have not even come close to a stage win.
But Durbridge says their hopes were tempered by team leader Simon Gerrans crashing in the sprint finish at the end of the opening stage in Harrogate, northern England.
“We had a little bad luck with Simon crashing early on and Mathew Haymon crashing out out at the start.
“Last year for us was such a great success at the Tour de France. A lot of people think it just makes or breaks their season but we’ve had an unbelievable season so far if you look at all the results we’ve had.
“The other week we had almost one week with a victory in every race that whole week.
“For sure the Tour de France is a make or break race for us. We feel a little bit of pressure and we want to try and perform.
“We give it 100 per cent every day and if it doesn’t come off, it doesn’t come off, that’s just the way it is.”
Marc Carlson, a senior manager at Ernst & Young in Detroit, took two weeks of the company’s standard paid parental leave for dads when his daughter, Rebecca, was born last year.
Then, when his wife, Diana, went back to work as a physician, Carlson declared himself the primary caregiver and took the maximum four additional weeks of paid leave.
Carlson, 35, changed diapers, took Rebecca for walks and struggled for what seemed like hours to get the uncooperative baby to drink from a bottle.
“From the beginning, my wife and I really wanted our child care to be shared. And I wanted to be engaged with my kid,” Carlson said. “I was a little hesitant about taking the full six weeks off. But I wasn’t worried about the stigma, or whether it would affect my career advancement. I was more worried about the mountain of work I’d return to.”
Carlson is part of a generation of young fathers who tell pollsters they want to be more than a paycheck, or the fun dad on weekends, and instead to be fully involved in parenthood. In a recently released Boston College survey of 1,000 fathers, the majority rated paid parental leave as important or extremely important, although 96 percent reported they could take two weeks or less. Some said their companies gave them one day.
“It’s clear we need to have changes in our social norms, so that it’s presumed men will want time off to bond with their newborn.”
But a number of companies, taking heed of fathers like Carlson, are expanding paternal paid leave. More than 500 dads a year now take at least the two-week paid leave offered by Ernst & Young, said Karyn Twaronite, partner and inclusiveness officer. State Street, a Boston-based financial services company, has doubled paid leave for fathers to four weeks. And high-tech companies like Yahoo and Facebook — in the vanguard of the movement promoting fathers as caregivers — offer fathers eight and 12 weeks, respectively, of paid leave.
“Traditionally, it was always the mother who took time off to care for new family members. But we’re seeing a real shift,” said Lisa Horn of the Society for Human Resource Management, a business membership group that tracks benefit trends. “Companies that offer paid parental leave for fathers are setting themselves up for a real competitive advantage.”
The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) issued guidelines earlier this month that call for employers to give equal parental leave time to mothers and fathers to bond with or care for a new baby. Mothers may still be given additional childbirth, or “pregnancy-related medical,” leave to recuperate.
“It’s clear we need to have changes in our social norms, so that it’s presumed men will want time off to bond with their newborn,” EEOC Commissioner Chai Feldblum said.
Those norms are not changing only in the United States. The International Labor Organization said in a recent report that fathers wanting policies such as paid leave and flexible schedules to take on greater caregiving roles is “likely to be one of the most significant social developments of the 21st century.”
Robert E. Moritz, chairman and senior partner of PriceWaterhouseCoopers, said the professional service network’s surveys have found that 70 percent of millennial employees see flexible work environments as “hugely important,” as do 60 percent of baby boomers. “The difference is, the millennials are willing to walk,” he said at a recent White House Summit on Working Families. “They want choices.”
(The company offers primary-care parents, including adoptive parents, 12 to 14 weeks of paid time off, and three weeks’ leave for non-primary-care parents.)
Aaron Gouveia, 34, is a case in point. Gouveia was working as a newspaper reporter when his first child was born six years ago, and with no paid parental leave, he cobbled together vacation and sick time to be at home with his infant.
He quit and went to work for IBM. When his second child was born, he took the company’s two weeks of paid leave.
“The company culture is even more important to me than the company itself,” said Gouveia, who writes the Daddy Files blog. “And I like to work for a company culture that gets it, to work for bosses who understand that we’re all human, and want to spend time with our families.”
Jim Lin, 41, who works in public relations in San Francisco and writes the Busy Dad blog, quit his old job on the spot a few years ago when his boss gave him grief for taking two sick days to care for his son. “My boss implied that that was my wife’s job,” he said. “And I just didn’t want to be in that kind of work environment.”
Views like Lin’s — he calls them “Father First” attitudes — which once might have been outliers are gaining traction as they spread through social media and virtual connections. When Lin began blogging in 2007, there were perhaps 15 other dad bloggers, he said. Now, he belongs to a private Facebook group of more than 800. “This generation of fathers is so much more vocal about involved parenting, and the Internet spreads those ideals,” he said.
These blogging dads came out loudly in support of Dan Murphy, the New York Mets second baseman, after some talk radio jocks ripped into him for missing Opening Day while his wife gave birth to their first child. The radio hosts later apologized. Murphy took his full two days of parental leave.
That more men want to take on care-giving roles comes as no surprise to scientists.
Paul Raeburn, author of “Do Fathers Matter? What Science Is Telling Us About the Parent We’ve Overlooked” said the stereotypes about men are so strong that until recently, science all but ignored the role of fathers as parents.
“If you asked a psychologist in the 1970s what fathers do for their kids, especially young kids, the answer would have been, ‘Not much,’ ” Raeburn said. “The most important thing people thought fathers did was earn money and keep their kids out of poverty — which is a good thing — but that was the beginning and the end of it.”
Only 14 percent of U.S. companies offer paid parental leave to mothers or fathers, down from 16 percent in 2008.
Emerging science is finding that men bond with their children even before birth as their testosterone levels drop and their levels of oxytocin, the bonding hormone, and prolactin, the hormone that produces breast milk in women, rise. Fathers who are warm and engaged also strengthen a child’s healthy development, Raeburn said. And studies have found that it is fathers who stretch their young children’s vocabularies and help with language acquisition.
“Mothers tend to tune their language more closely to the child,” he said. “But fathers use a broader vocabulary. They use words the child doesn’t know. And that pulls the child forward, helps them more rapidly develop language ability and eases their transition into school.”
Science is also showing that becoming a good parent is less about a mythological maternal instinct, he said, and more about having the time early on to develop the competence and the skill. “I didn’t hit the issue of paid parental leave hard in my book,” Raeburn said, “but I provided all the ammunition for why it’s important.”
Still, fathers who want to do more caregiving from the start face a steep uphill battle.
Only 14 percent of U.S. companies offer paid parental leave to mothers or fathers, down from 16 percent in 2008, and many offer only partial salary replacement, according to the Families and Work Institute. Unlike any other advanced economy in the world, the United States offers only unpaid leave under the Family and Medical Leave Act, which doesn’t cover 40 percent of the workforce.
And one in five companies that are required by law to offer unpaid leave to fathers don’t, the study found. “This is clearly one place where business policy has not caught up with changing demographics,” institute president Ellen Galinsky said.
In June, President Barack Obama called for paid parental leave, saying, “A whole lot of fathers would love to be home for their new baby’s first weeks in the world.” Obama didn’t endorse paid-leave legislation pending in Congress. Instead, he offered funds for five states to explore how to craft paid-leave programs. Three states — California, New Jersey and Rhode Island — now have employee-paid parental leave programs.
Some lawmakers and business groups who oppose paid parental leave say such a program will be too expensive, create too much bureaucracy, increase costs to business and could lead to a drop in wages. The U.S. Chamber of Commerce and other business groups have lobbied against paid-leave proposals. Others oppose extending leave to fathers as “not natural,” with one writer in Britain vowing, “If God had meant men to have paternity leave, he would have given us all wombs.”
That traditional view, argues Josh Levs, a journalist for CNN, is a big reason why companies give fathers shorter leaves than mothers, and why many fathers don’t take any leave at all.
“As men in this country, we are literally leaving hundreds of millions of dollars on the table in unused parental leave, and the biggest reason is: They’re afraid to take it,” Levs said. “Study after study shows that when men come back from taking parental leave, they’re often treated worse by their colleagues and their bosses. Their reputations are damaged. They’re demoted or given less work, because we have these stigmas that dads are supposed to work and moms are supposed to stay home.”
“There’s still a powerful stereotype that real men work; real men earn wages.”
Last fall, Levs filed one of the first complaints with the EEOC alleging discrimination against fathers after his employer, Time Warner, refused to grant him equal paid-leave time. Time Warner offers biological mothers and adoptive mothers and fathers 10 weeks of paid parental leave, but allows biological fathers only two, even when they plan, like Levs did, to be the primary caregiver.
Other discrimination cases include a father in Ohio who alleges he was passed over for promotion because he took unpaid leave to care for his children and was shunned and defamed, and a father who said he was terminated after he asked to extend his five-day parental leave and was refused.
“There’s still a powerful stereotype that real men work; real men earn wages,” said Brad Harrington, director of Boston College’s Center for Work and Family. “Women who take extended leave might be seen as less-committed workers, but they’re seen as better women, because the stereotype is that’s the ‘right’ thing for women to do. But the irony for men is, they’re perceived not only as lesser workers if they take leave, but lesser men.”
For gay fathers, the dearth of paid leave for men can sometimes mean that neither father can take much time to bond with their children. Kipp Jarecke-Cheng saved up five weeks of vacation and sick time and paid about $1,200 to be off another four weeks when he and his partner adopted their son from Vietnam.
“The place where I worked when we adopted our son did have a paid leave policy for mothers, but not for fathers,” he said. “It was very much tied to the notion that women need bonding time with infants, but dads don’t. But even if I had a female partner who had given birth, I’d want to spend that time with my child.”
Other companies, like Scholastic, treat gay fathers as they would any primary caregiver. “I was very lucky. I was given the full leave package that women get, minus the medical leave,” said Michael Strouse, director of retail operations at Scholastic’s store in New York. “I got eight weeks of paid bonding leave and another eight weeks working part time on transitional leave. All at full pay.”
Strouse’s husband had no paid leave. So Strouse, like women with long leaves, became the primary caregiver. “It’s a function of experience more than anything else. And my husband just didn’t have the opportunity.”
Janet Gornick, a professor of political science and sociology at the City University of New York’s Graduate Center who studies paid-leave policies around the globe, said that traditional attitudes about gender still hold powerful sway even in countries with generous paid parental leave policies. In France, Germany and Austria, for example, 2 percent of fathers take paid leave, compared to 90 percent of mothers.
Use it or lose it
“European countries realized that instead of promoting gender equality, these leave policies were retarding it,” Gornick said. So several countries developed “use it or lose it” programs. If fathers don’t use their allotted leave time, the family loses it. “That changed father behavior overnight.”
In 2000, a movement of young fathers led Iceland to change its paid leave to a “use it or lose it” system. Now, mothers and fathers each have three months’ paid leave and three months the family can share. And lawmakers have promised to extend the leaves for both parents to five months, with two months to share, and increase the pay in coming years, despite the fiscal crisis of 2008 that bankrupted the country.
Today, 90 percent of all fathers in Iceland take paid parental leave.
As a result of the “father quota,” a recent report found, 70 percent of parents who live together continue to share child-care duties three years later, up from 40 percent.
In the United States, where mothers have longer parental leaves, time studies show that mothers still do about twice the housework and child care, on average, even when they work full time.
“This is one of the biggest factors in preventing women from leaning in to the workplace,” CNN’s Levs said. “Our current policies police men out of caregiving roles and police women into them. And we have to stop. Giving adequate, substantial parental leave for fathers is good — good for fathers, good for gender equality and good for business.”
Anthony Mitchell, 46, of Atlanta, told his employer that he planned to take only a few vacation days when his wife gave birth to their first child. He assumed that’s all he’d get. His employer, Catalyst, a nonprofit group dedicated to women’s advancement and gender equality, set him straight.
“They said, ‘What are you talking about? You get parental leave!’ almost like it was a foregone conclusion,” Mitchell said. He took six weeks of paid leave and worked reduced, flexible hours for another two. “There was so much fear of the unknown for both my wife and I. For us to be able to handle those things together as true partners was huge.”
Although Mitchell was initially worried about missing so much work, his colleagues and clients were supportive, saying, “This is a time in life that you never get back.”
For many Malaysians, the disappearance of Flight 370 in March has been a long trauma from which the nation has not yet recovered.
To this day, the costly search for the jet that diverted from its flight path and vanished without a trace goes on in the southern Indian Ocean. The country’s distrust of its government has lingered. Angry relatives of victims campaign for answers. Billboards soaring over the airport road still read “Pray for Flight 370.”
Then, Flight 17 was struck from the air over Eastern Ukraine on Thursday — likely by a surface-to-air missile. It was “a tragic day in what has already been a tragic year for Malaysia” as Prime Minister Najib Razak put it. As the news spread in the culturally diverse but predominantly Muslim country of 30 million, there was shock, but also disbelief.
When Zarina Abd Rahim first heard the news, she was breaking her fast for the holy month of Ramadan with a bowl of chicken and rice with her family. Her husband first dismissed it as a prank on Facebook.
“He said, ‘It cannot be,’ ” she recalled Friday. “But it was true.”
The nurse and mother of two wept as she thought of the children who had died when plane was ripped out of the sky as it made its way from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur.
“Why us?” Abd Rahmin said. “Why is God stressing us in this way?”
There were no easy answers, but officials struggled to provide them throughout the day Friday, speaking in the same ballroom of the blingy yet depressing airport hotel where they had long briefed the media after the Flight 370 disappearance.
“This shows how horrible the world is”
The journalists were still restive and slightly stinky from overwork. The officials were still somber. Nothing had changed, except the face of Malaysia’s transportation minister. Late last month, Hishammuddin Hussein, who became an internationally star when he ran the Flight 370 briefings during the height of the world’s interest with the mystery, had been replaced by Liow Tiong Lai, a low-key former health minister. (Hussein is still the prime minister’s cousin, though.)
Critics were watching closely to see if the government would perform better than last time, when they were accused of mishandling the investigation and not keeping families informed. Worse, they told families that their loved ones were likely dead about 18 days after the plane’s disappearance — in an officious text.
Bridget Walsh, a senior research associate with National Taiwan University, said that the prime minister and his staff now have a much better crisis center that was able to brief reporters in the wee hours of the morning Malaysia time as the situation unfolded. But some of the new victim families were still saying they hadn’t heard enough from the government.
Meanwhile, those on social media were posting that they were feeling a sense of deja vu. Radio stations abandoned their upbeat songs in favor of slower, somber fare, as they had after Flight 370 had disappeared.
“When I heard, I just felt numb,” said Latt Shariman Abdullah, 45, an activist. “This shows how horrible the world is.”
In March, Abdullah helped organize one of the largest candlelight vigils in honor of the Flight 370 victims at the Curve, a suburban shopping mall at Petaling Jaya outside of Kuala Lumpur. On Friday, he and his friends returned to the same open-air courtyard in the mall for another vigil, this one in honor of the Flight 17 victims.
They sat on the concrete piazza, listened to a Buddhist monk chant and lit votive candles that were arranged to spell out “Pray for MH17.” Abdullah and one of his co-organizers, a well-known Kuala Lumpur singer named Reshmonu, said they were moved to host a vigil for the second time to give people a chance to vent their feelings over the lingering case of Flight 370 and its follow-on. And even that may not be enough.
“We still haven’t had closure,” said Reshmonu. “And now this has happened. What do you do with that?”
American Laura Diaz birdied three of her last four holes en route to a two-under 69 to maintain her lead at the USLPGA Tour’s Marathon Classic on Friday.
Diaz finished 36 holes at Highland Meadows Golf Club at 11-under-par 131. She is seeking her third career win on the LPGA Tour, but first in 12 years.
Her only previous wins on the Tour were both in 2002 at the Welch’s Championship and the Corning Classic.
“For me, it was just a challenge because I haven’t been in this position in a very long time,” said Diaz who led by four shots after the first round. “For sure I haven’t had cameras on me in a long time.
“So I was anxious for them to go away I think in a funny kind of way.”
New Zealand teenager Lydia Ko shot her second straight four-under 67 to move into a share of second place with South Africa’s Lee-Anne Pace (68) at eight under.
Canada’s Rebecca Lee-Bentham (67) and South Korea’s Ryu So-Yeon (67) are tied for fourth at seven-under, four shots adrift of Diaz.
Brittany Lang (66) and Kayla Mortellaro (67) shared sixth at six-under.
Diaz has led this event three times (2002, 2003 and 2009) after two rounds but each time she has faded from sight on the weekend.
Diaz opened her round Friday with five straight pars before making a bogey at the sixth.
Diaz parred her next six holes before pouring in birdies at the 13th, 15th and 16th around a bogey at the 14th to reclaim the outright lead at 10-under.
She would then close her round with another birdie at the 18th to claim a three-shot lead heading into the weekend.
Ko, 17, started her round on the back nine and parred her first two holes before converting three birdies in a four-hole stretch from the 12th to jump to seven-under.
“I had two solid rounds. I thought I played pretty solid today and yesterday,” Ko said. “Hopefully I can continue that through the weekend.”
Pace, of Paarl, Western Cape, made bogey at the 11th and 15th which dropped her back to minus-six. She rebounded with consecutive birdies at the 17th and 18th to finish at minus-eight.
Defending champion Beatriz Recari (68) is among a group of seven players tied for 14th place at four-under 138.